Laparoscopy is a more invasive procedure which examines the reproductive organs in more detail and sometimes involves minor procedures.
Laparoscopy is done under general anaesthetic. A laparoscope (fibre optic telescope) is passed through a small incision made just below the navel. This allows a doctor to visually inspect the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, pelvic and abdominal cavity for abnormalities. Other instruments can be passed through the laparoscope, or inserted through other incisions, to enable a doctor manipulate structures for further testing or treatment.

Reasons for a Laparoscopy include:

  • To detect abnormalities of the female reproductive system such as:
    - Endometriosis (cells that normally line the endometrium found outside the uterine cavity)
    - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    - Ectopic pregnancy
    - Abnormal growths (tumours, fibroids, cysts and adhesions)
  • To examine the patency (unblocked/open) of the fallopian tubes by passing dye through them
  • To detect and examine tumours and cysts affecting abdominal organs
  • To check for fluid accumulation
  • To biopsy tissue that may prove cancerous
  • To perform minor surgical procedures

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